David Gauthier Publications


Practical Reasoning: The Structure and Foundations of Prudential and Moral Arguments and Their Exemplification in Discourse.
Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1963. ix + 210.

The Logic of Leviathan: The Moral and Political Theory of Thomas Hobbes.
Oxford; Clarendon Press, 1969. x + 217

Morality and Rational Self-Interest
editor. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall, 1970. viii + 184. Contributed introductory essay, 1-23; bibliographical essay, 181-184; and “Morality and Advantage,” cited above

Morals by Agreement
Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1986. ix + 367. Reprinted
1987; reprinted as paperback 1987; with corrections, 1988 (twice)

Moral Dealing: Contract, Ethics and Reason
Cornell University Press, 1990

Rousseau: The Sentiment of Existence
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006


The Philosophy of Revolution.
University of Toronto Quarterly 32 (1963), 126-141.

Rule-Utilitarianism and Randomization.
Analysis 25 (1965), 68-69.

The Role of Inheritance in Locke’s Political Theory.
Canadian Journal of Economics and Political Science 32 (1966), 38-45.

How Decisions Are Caused.
Journal of Philosophy 64 (1967), 147-151.

Moore’s Naturalistic Fallacy.
American Philosophical Quarterly 4 (1967), 315- 320.

Morality and Advantage.
Philosophical Review 76 (1967), 460-475. Reprinted in Morality and Rational Self-interest, below, 166-180, and in The Definition of Morality, ed. G. Wallace and A. D. M. Walker (London: Methuen, 1970), 235-250. Excerpted in Problems of Moral Philosophy, ad ed., ed. Paul W. Taylor (Encino and Belmont, Calif.: Dickenson, 1972), 530-538.

Progress and Happiness: A Utilitarian Reconsideration.
Ethics 78 (1967), 77-82.

Hare’s Debtors.
Mind 77 (1968), 400-405.

How Decisions Are Caused (but Not Predicted).
Journal of Philosophy 65 (1968), 170-171.

The Unity of Wisdom and Temperance.
Journal of the History of Philosophy 6 (1968), 157-159.

Yet Another Hobbes.
Inquiry 12 (1969), 449-465

Comments on R. M. Hare, Wanting: Some Pitfalls.
In Agent, Action, and Reason, ed. R. Binkley, R. Bronaugh, and A. Marras (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1971), 98-108.

Moral Action and Moral Education
In Moral Education: Interdisciplinary Approaches, ed. C. M. Beck, B. S. Crittenden, and E. V. Sullivan (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1971), 138-146.

Brandt on Egoism (abstract)
Journal of Philosophy 69 (1972), 697-698.

The Impossibility of Rational Egoism.
Journal of Philosophy 71 (1974), 439-456

Rational Cooperation
Nous 8 (1974), 53-65.

Justice and Natural Endowment: Toward a Critique of Rawls’ Ideological Framework.
Social Theory and Practice 3 (1974 [pub. 1975]), 3-26.

Dialogue 14 (1975), 195-221.

Reason and Maximization.
Canadian Journal of Philosophy, 4 (1975), 411-433. Sees. IV-VIII reprinted in Rational Man and Irrational, Society? ed. Brian Barry and Russell Hardin (Beverly Hills, London, and New Delhi: Sage Publications, 1982), 90-106.

Critical notice of Analytical Philosophy of History, by Arthur C. Danto.
Canadian Journal of Philosophy 5 (1975), 463-471.

The Social Contract as Ideology.
Philosophy and Public Affairs 6 (Winter, 1977) 130-164.

Why Ought One Obey God? Reflections on Hobbes and Locke.
Canadian Journal cf Philosophy 7 (1977), 425-446.

Critical notice of Stephan Korner, ed., Practical Reason.
Dialogue 16 (1977), 510-518.

Economic Rationality and Moral Constraints.
Midwest Studies in Philosophy 3 (1978), 75-96.

Social Choice and Distributive Justice.
Philosophia 7 (1978), 239-253.

The Social Contract: Individual Decision or Collective Bargain?
In Foundations and Applications of Decision Theory, ed, C. A. Hooker, J. J. Leach, and E.F. McClennen (Dordrecht & Boston: Reidel, 1978), 2:47-67.

Critical notice of John C. Harsanyi, Essays on Ethics, Social Behavior, and Scientific Explanation.
Dialogue 17 (1978), 698-706.

Bargaining Our Way into Morality: A Do-It-Yourself Primer.
Philosophical Exchange 2 (1979), 14-27.

Confederation, Contract, and Constitution.
In Philosophers Look at Canadian Confederation = La confederation canadienne: Qu’en pensent les philosophes? ed. S. G. French (Montreal: Canadian Philosophical Association, 1979), 193-199

David Hume: Contractarian.
Philosophical Review 88 (1979), 3-38.

Thomas Hobbes: Moral Theorist.
Journal of Philosophy 76 (1979), 547-559.

The Politics of Redemption.
Revue de I’Universite d’Ottawa 49 (1979) [pub. 1980]), 329-356. Also in Trent Rousseau Papers, ed. J. MacAdam, M. Neumann, and G. Lafrance (Ottawa: University of Ottawa Press, 1980), 329-356.

The Irrationality of Choosing Egoism: A Reply to Eshelman.
Canadian journal of Philosophy 10 (1980), 179-187.

Justified Inequality?
Dialogue 21 (1982), 431-443.

No Need for Morality: The Case of the Competitive Market.
Philosophical Exchange 3 (1982), 41-54.

On the Refutation of Utilitarianism.
In The Limits of Utilitarianism, ed. H. B. Miller and W. H. Williams (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press,
1982), 144-163.

Three against Justice: The Foole, the Sensible Knave, and the Lydian Shepherd.
Midwest Studies in Philosophy 7 (1982), 11-29. Edited by P. A. French, T. E. Uehling.Jr., and H. N. Wettstein.

Unequal Need: A Problem of Equity in Access to Health Care.
In Securing Access to Health Care: The Ethical Implications of Differences in the Availability of Health Services, vol. 2: President’s Commission for the Study of Ethical Problems in Medicine and Biomedical and Behavioral Research, Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1983, 179-205.

Critical notice of Ulysses and the Sirens: Studies in Rationality and Irrationality by Jon Elster.
Canadian Journal of Philosophy 13 (1983), 133-140.

Deterrence, Maximization, and Rationality.
Ethics 94 (1984), 474-495. Also in The Security Gamble: Deterrence in the Nuclear Age, ed. Douglas MacLean (Totowa, N.J.: Rowman & Allanheld, 1985); 101-122, with “Response to the Paradox of Deterrence: Afterthoughts,” 159-161. Reprinted in Nuclear Deterrence: Ethics and Strategy, ed. Russell Hardin, John J. Mearsheimer, Gerald Dworkin, and Robert E. Goodin, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1985, 99-120.

The Incompleat Egoist.
In The Tanner Lectures on Human Values, vol. 5, ed. Sterling M. McMurrin (Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press; Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1984), 67-119.

(in part) Justice as Social Choice.
In Morality, Reason and Truth, ed. D. Copp and D. Zimmerman (Totowa, N.J.: Rowman & Allanheld, 1984), 251-269.

Bargaining and Justice.
Social Philosophy and Policy 2 (1985), 29-47. Also in Ethics and Economics, ed. E. F. Paul, F. D. Miller, Jr., and J. Paul Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1985, 29-47.

Maximization Constrained: The Rationality of Cooperation.
In Paradoxes of Rationality and Cooperation: Prisoner’s Dilemma and Newcomb’s Problem ed. R. Campbell and L. Sowden (Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press, 1985), 75-93. Reprinted with an added introductory section from ch. 6, sees. 2 and 3 of Morals by Agreement.

The Unity of Reason: A Subversive Reinterpretation of Kant.
Ethics 96 (1985), 74-88.

Reason to Be Moral?
Kurt Baier Festschrift, Synthese 72 (1987), 5-27.

Reply to Wolfram.
Philosophical Books 18 (1987), 134-139.

Taming Leviathan.
Critical notice of Jean Hampton, Hobbes and the Social Contract Tradition, and Gregory S. Kavka, Hobbesian Moral and Political Theory. Philosophy 6f Public Affairs 16 (1987), 280-298.

George Grant’s Justice.
Dialogue 27 (1988), 121-134.

Hobbes’s Social Contract.
In Perspectives on Thomas Hobbes, ed. G. A. J. Rogers and Alan Ryan (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1988), 125-152; shorter version in Nous 22 (1988), 71-82.

Moral Artifice.
Canadian Journal of Philosophy 18 (1988), 385-418.

Morality, Rational Choice, and Semantic Representation: A Reply to My Critics.
Social Philosophy & Policy 5 (1988), 173-221. Also in The New Social Contract: Essays on Gauthier, ed. E. F. Paul, F. D. Miller, Jr., and J. Paul (Oxford: Blackwell, 1988), 173-221.

War and Nuclear Deterrence.
In Problems of International Justice, ed. Steven Luper-Foy (Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press, 1988), 205-221.

In the Neighbourhood of the Newcomb-Predictor (Reflections on Rationality).
Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society (1989), 179-194.

Economic Man and the Rational Reasoner.
In From Political Economy to Economics – and Back ?
ed. James H. Nichols, Jr. and Colin Wright (San Francisco: ICS Press, 1990) 105-131.

Le Promeneur Solitaire: Rousseau and the Emergence of the Post-Social Self.
Social Philosophy & Policy 8 (1990)

Thomas Hobbes and the Contractarian Theory of Law
In Canadian Philosophers: Celebrating Twenty Years of the Canadian Journal of Philosophy, ed. David Copp (Calgary: University of Calgary Press, 1990) 5-34.

Why contractarianism?
In Contractarianism and Rational Choice: Essays on David Gauthier’s Morals by Agreement,ed. Peter Vallentyne (Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1991)

Rational Constraint: Some Last Words.
In Contractarianism and Rational Choice: Essays on David Gauthier’s Morals by Agreement,ed. Peter Vallentyne (Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1991)

Artificial Virtues and the Sensible Knave.
Hume Studies 18, No. 2 (1992) 401-427.

Between Hobbes and Rawls.
In Rationality, Justice and the Social Contract: Themes from Morals by Agreement, ed. David Gauthier and Robert Sugden (Hertfordshire: Harvester Wheatsheaf, 1993), 24-40.

Uniting Seperate Persons.
In Rationality, Justice and the Social Contract: Themes from Morals by Agreement, ed. David Gauthier and Robert Sugden (Hertfordshire: Harvester Wheatsheaf, 1993), 176-193

Fairness and Cores: A Comment on Laden.
Philosophy & Public Affairs, Vol. 22, No.1, Winter 1993

Assure and Threaten.
Ethics, 104, 690-721 (1994)

Breaking Up: An Essay on Secession.
Canadian Journal of Philosophy vol. 24, no. 3 (1994) 357-372.

Public Reason.
Social Philosophy & Policy, 12, 19-42 (1995)

Constituting Democracy.
In The Idea of Democracy, ed. David Copp, John E. Roemer, Jean Hampton
Cambridge University Press, 1995.

Commitment and Choice: An Essay on the Rationality of Plans.
In Ethics, Rationality, and Economic Behaviour, ed. Francesco Farina, Frank Hahn, and Stefano Vannucci, Oxford University Press, 1996.

In Memoriam: Jean Hampton 1954-1996
Bulletin of the Hume Society, Spring 1996, Vol. XXV, No. 1

Resolute Choice and Rational Deliberation: A Critique and a Defense.
Nous 31: 1-25, 1997.

Political Contractarianism.
Journal of Political Philosophy, vol. 5, 2, 1997 132-148. Shorter version in Proceedings of the 19th International Wittgenstein – Symposium, Current Issues in Political Philosophy: Justice in Society and World Order, Kirchberg am Wechsel, Austria, 1996, ed. P. Koller & K. Puhl, Hölder-Pichler-Tempsky, Vienna, 1997.

Rationality and The Rational Aim.
In Reading Parfit, ed. Jonathan Dancy (Blackwell Publishers, 1997), 24-42.

Intention and Deliberation
In Modeling Rationality, Morality and Evolution, ed. Peter Danielson.
Vancouver Studies in Cognitive Science (Oxford University Press, 1998) 41-55.

Rethinking the Toxin Puzzle.
In Rational Commitment and Social Justice : Essays for Gregory Kavka, ed. Jules L. Coleman and Christopher W. Morris (Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1998), 47-59.

Mutual Advantage and Impartiality.
In Impartiality, Neutrality and Justice : RE-Reading Brian Barry’s Justice as Impartiality, ed. Paul J. Kelly (Trowbridge, Edinburgh University Press, 1998).

The Best of Times (Political Contractarianism and the Modern World).
Political Theory Workshop Paper, The University of York, 2000.

Hobbes: The Laws of Nature.
Pacific Philosopical Quarterly, vol. 82, issue 3-4, 258-284 (2001)

Trust within Reason
Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, Volume 62, Issue 2, Pages 487-490 (2001)

Are We Moral Debtors?
Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, Volume 66, Issue 1, pages 162–168 (2003)

Tolerance and Mutual Advantage
XV Congresso Interamericano de Filosofia, Lima , Peru (2004)

Twenty-Five On
Ethics, Vol. 123, No. 4, Symposium: David Gauthier’s Morals by Agreement , pp. 601-624 (July 2013)

A Society of Individuals
Dialogue: Canadian Philosophical Review, Volume 55 – Issue 4 – , pp. 601-619 (December 2016)

Writings on David Gauthier


The New Social Contract: Essays on Gauthier
ed. E. F. Paul, F. D. Miller, Jr., and J. Paul Oxford, Blackwell, 1988.

Contractarianism and Rational Choice: Essays on David Gauthier’s Morals by Agreement
ed. Peter Vallentyne, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1991.

Rationality, Justice and the Social Contract: Themes from Morals by Agreement
ed. David Gauthier and Robert Sugden Hertfordshire: Harvester Wheatsheaf, 1993.

Practical Rationality and Preference: Essays for David Gauthier
ed. Christopher W. Morris, and Arthur Ripstein, Cambridge University Press, 2001

Symposium: David Gauthier’s Morals by Agreement
Ethics, Vol. 123, No. 4, July 2013

Special Topic: Gauthier’s Contractarian Project
Dialogue: Canadian Philosophical Review, Volume 55 – Issue 4 – December 2016, pp. 593-757


Eric Mack – Gauthier on Rights and Economic Rent (PDF)
Social Philosophy and Policy, Volume 9, Number 1, Winter 1992.

Review of David Gauthier’s ‘Morals by Agreement’
Eric Watt Forste, Extropy: The Journal of Transhumanist Thought, Issue 14.

Gareth Williams – The Problems of David Gauthier’s Attempt to Derive Morality From Rationality (pdf)
Libertarian Alliance, Philosophical Notes, 51, 1998.

Jan Narveson – Gauthier and Libertarianism
Paper delivered at the Conference on Value Inquiry, April, 1999

Review of ‘Practical Rationality and Preference: Essays for David Gauthier’
Alan H. Goldman, Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews, 01-12-2002.